What is Clinical Depression and Its Types?

Clinical depression is a severe, lingering depression that invades your thoughts, interferes with your daily activities, and affects your body through weight changes and lack of sleep, which leads to persistent fatigue. Those who are diagnosed as clinically depressed often think of committing suicide and may also develop complex psychiatric disorders.

Clinical depression is often referred to as major depression, even though it is supposed to be noted that thoughts of suicide are not necessary for the diagnosis of clinical depression or major depression; rather, it is the weight and the interference of the depression. A person can suffer this severe depression as a result of a trauma in their life, or they may experience this major depression several times throughout their life.

What are the different types of depression?

  • Dysthymia is a mental depression that has similar but less severe symptoms than Clinical Depression but is typically diagnosed if these symptoms last for two years or more.
  • Bi-polar Depression is a type of depression that is diagnosed after at least one manic episode, but most Bi-polar patients experience reoccurring manic episodes and extreme mood swings. Biology and Genetics play a large part in bipolar depression.
  • Other types of depression include Adjustment Disorder, with depression. Adjustment Disorder is a depression that results from a singular stressor. Treating this depression focuses on the stressor and typically takes less than six months to treat. If it takes more than six months, it is classified under other types of mental health depression categories. Melancholia is a type of depression that is indicated by symptoms of lack of enjoyment in life, food becomes tasteless, nothing becomes enjoyable, and there is a persistent pessimism in everything the person does.
  • A patient is considered suffering from moderate depression when he has symptoms of severe depression; however, he is able to participate in daily life with some difficulty. Mild depression is classified when a person has a few symptoms but can still function in daily life. It’s important to take care of mild depression so it doesn’t lead to moderate or more severe depression.

Often, a person can use self-help methods for mild depression, such as herbal supplements, stress-relieving exercises such as yoga, or by focusing their concentration on things that they enjoy in life.

There are many other types of depression that professionals label “Depression, not otherwise specified.” A-typical depression is a chronic depression different from melancholic depression. In an A-typical depression, over-indulging and exaggeration in moods are often displayed, and the person experiencing an A-typical depression puts too much emphasis on what other people think.

Clinical depression and other types of mental health depression all require intervention, whether by you, a friend, or a professional, depending on the severity of the depression. If you are clinically depressed and cannot function, or you know someone who is, talk to a physician, a mental health provider, or a community service agency and take the first steps to climb out of depression’s hold on your life or the life of your loved one.